Why Do We Celebrate July 25 As World IVF Day | Project Global Cure

  • 23 Jul 2022

We can now cure a significant portion of infertile couples thanks to scientific developments, providing they seek care in a timely manner. Newer approaches give us a greater understanding of the reasons for infertility and more efficient ways to treat these problems because the area is continually expanding. With Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), this is conceivable.

What Is The Significance Of World IVF Day?

The first test-tube baby, Louise Brown, was born on July 25, 1978, at Bourn Hall in England,  using the in vitro fertilization (IVF) method. Since this day was designated as World IVF Day, it is honored annually. In order to celebrate this, the advantages of IVF technology in reproductive treatments are emphasized. Statistics reveal that since Louise Brown's birth, more than 8 million kids have been born globally using various "Assisted Reproductive Techniques,"(ART) including IVF. In vitro fertilization (IVF) therapy is now very widespread. This technology has been developing and improving the most cutting-edge method for treating infertility in the medical sciences.

What Does ART Mean? 

All fertility therapies that handle eggs and embryos fall under the category of ART. In these ART procedures, a woman's egg is surgically removed from her ovaries (egg retrieval), combined with sperm outside in a laboratory, and then placed back into her body (embryo transfer). Some types of ART procedures are-

  • In-Vitro Fertilization
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
  • Cryopreservation of Embryos
  • Preimplantation Genetic Testing

What Is Done In The IVF Technique?

Gonadotropins (hormones that stimulate the ovaries) are given to patients undergoing in vitro fertilization to create a controlled stimulation of the ovaries, so they generate more than one egg. The egg is then removed by the medical professional’s right before ovulation using ultrasound guidance. The eggs are then set up in the lab for fertilization. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI, can be used to inject the sperm into the recovered eggs, or medical professionals can wait for the sperm to naturally penetrate the eggs (IVF).

Is IVF Treatment A Long Procedure?

It is not at all a time taking procedure. When a couple visits the doctor, they are confirmed by the doctor of no abnormalities, so they take fertility shots on their own for 11-12 days. After this, the eggs are retrieved and fused with sperm and re-inserted into the patient's uterus after 3-5 days. This whole procedure is complete within two weeks’ time in case of fresh transfer and two to three months in case of frozen embryo transfer.

Why Is A Health Check-Up Mandatory Prior To The Commencement Of IVF Treatment?

A thorough health check-up is always a good idea before starting IVF treatment so as to eliminate the chances of medical abnormalities and underlying health conditions.

Is Overweight A Risk Factor In IVF Treatment?

Yes, overweight females need to reduce weight before starting hormone medications as the IVF process does not work well in this case so for a successful outcome, weight reduction is important.

Are There Any Side Effects Of IVF Treatment?

As such, there are no side effects, but during or after the IVF process, it is quite typical to feel emotional. And some changes in the body occur, like tender breasts, bloating, and delicate pelvic area, but these are not alarming signs of worry.

Is IVF A Sure-Shot Procedure?

  • Does not increase the chances of a couple to conceive
  • No 100% guarantee of getting pregnant at first time or multiple times
  • No 100% guarantee of success as the body might not accept the fertilized egg.
  • No 100% success rate

Can IVF Treatment Impact Mental Health?

It’s important to relax while the treatment is being undertaken. A lot of patience is required in the procedure as it may not be successful always or on the first go. Stress should be avoided. If stress is taken, it can take a toll on mental health. Before conceiving and after conception, it is a long road and journey. One should be calm to take the rollercoaster ride. Staying positive is important as some couples sometimes are not financially stable to take up the IVF treatment 2-3 times after 1 failed attempt.

How Common Is Infertility Today?

According to estimates, 15 percent of couples worldwide have infertility; this rate is higher in developing nations like India. In India, one in four couples of reproductive age struggles to conceive, according to the WHO. The misery of experiencing infertility is not isolated; it also brings with it social and emotional stigma among individuals and society. People are consequently less willing to talk openly about their fertility concerns, which delays timely diagnosis and treatment.

What Are The Common Causes Of Infertility?

Women and men both are bearers of infertility (Learn more about sexual health here). They both are responsible for the same depending from person to person and body to body. The cases are-

  • Fallopian tube blockage
  • Ovulatory dysfunction
  • Endometriosis
  • Poor sperm quantity
  • Poor sperm quality
  • Lifestyle issues
  • Increased marital age
  • Postponement in childbearing
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Consumption of alcohol, tobacco
  • Stress
  • Lack of exercise
  • Overweight etc.

What Are The 5 Basic Steps Of IVF?

  • Stimulation or superovulation
  • Egg retrieval
  • Insemination and fertilization
  • Embryo culture
  • Embryo transfer

The First IVF Baby In India

On October 3, 1978, India's first and world's second IVF baby was born, named Durga, aka Kanupriya Agarwal. Dr. Subhash Mukhopadhyay created this baby using IVF.



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