One of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders during childhood these days is ADHD. ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. This is often initially diagnosed in childhood days and lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviours (acting without thinking about consequences), or being overly active.
Signs and Symptoms:
It is usual for children to find difficulty focusing and behaving at some point. However, children with ADHD have behaviours for a long, long time. The symptoms can get harsh, can cause difficulty while socialising with people anywhere.
A few symptoms are:
- daydreaming a lot
- tending to forget or lose things often
- squirming or fidgeting
- talking too much
- making careless mistakes or taking unnecessary risks
- having a hard time resisting temptation
- trouble taking turns
- difficulty getting along with people
Types of ADHD
There are three different kinds of ADHD:
- Predominantly Inattentive Presentation: Child finds it hard to organize or finish a task, pay attention to details, or follow instructions or conversations. They are easily distracted or forget particulars of daily
- Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation: Children tend to fidget and talk a lot. They find it hard to sit still for longer periods. More minor children may feel restless and run, jump or climb Impulsive children may interrupt others often, grab things from people, or speak inappropriately. It is hard for them to follow instructions or patterns. These children may be more prone to accidents and injuries.
- Combined Presentation: Symptoms of the two types are equally present in the person.
Experts aren't sure what causes ADHD. Several things may lead to it, including:
- Brain Chemicals and There are chances that there is an imbalance in the brain chemicals in people with ADHD. Also, areas of the brain that control attention could be less active in children with ADHD.
- Poor health, infections, smoking, alcoholism, and substance abuse during pregnancy can affect a baby's brain
- Toxic items like lead may affect a child's brain
- A brain injury or a brain
ADHD Diagnosis and Testing:
It is often hard to diagnose ADHD, especially in children. There is not a single test that can spot it. Healthcare providers diagnose ADHD in children and young adults after discussing symptoms at length and observing the child's behaviors.
To diagnose and confirm ADHD, a child might be asked to undergo many tests to check neurological and psychological status. The child might be referred to a specialist such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or psychotherapist. The tests may include:
- A medical and social history of the child and the
- A physical exam and neurological assessment including screenings of vision, hearing, and verbal and motor
- An evaluation of aptitude, intelligence, personality traits, or processing
- A NEBA system scan, measuring theta and beta brain waves, is The theta/beta ratio is higher in children with ADHD than in children without it.
There are several approaches to treating ADHD. But research suggests that the best way to manage symptoms for many children involves multiple methods of treatment that work together. Many symptoms can be managed with medication and in therapeutic ways. Close cooperation among therapists, healthcare providers, mentors, and parents is essential.
Medication. The most commonly prescribed medications for treating ADHD are stimulants. They help control hyperactive and impulsive behavior and better attention span. They act on the brain chemicals, like dopamine, which can worsen impulsive behavior.
- ADHD starts often by age 4 in children
- Many with ADHD also suffer from learning disorders
- Medicine often helps children with ADHD
- ADHD cases are prevalent in India; there are more than 10 million cases per year
- 13 percent of men are diagnosed during their lifetimes, and just 2 percent of women are diagnosed with ADHD.
PGC Resolution: To raise awareness about ADHD in India and actively support parents and children towards improving the affected children's abilities by medicines, behavioral and therapy management techniques, and making a positive contribution to society.