Arthritis is a disease associated with the swelling and tenderness of one or more joints. The significant symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which gradually worsen with time and age. The most prevalent kinds of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is where the cartilage (the hard yet slippery tissue covering the ends of bones where they form a joint) breaks down. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease wherein the immune system attacks the joints, beginning with the lining of joints.
Uric acid crystals are formed when too much uric acid is in your blood. This can cause gout. Infections or underlying diseases, such as psoriasis or lupus, can cause other different types of arthritis.
Treatments differ depending on the type of arthritis. The main motto of arthritis treatments in reducing symptoms and improving quality of life.
The joints observe the most common signs and symptoms of arthritis. Depending on the kind of arthritis, signs and symptoms may involve:
The two primary kinds of arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, damage joints variedly.
This is the most common type of arthritis that involves wear-and-tear damage to a joint's cartilage. Cartilage cushions the bone ends and permits close to frictionless joint movement, but adequate damage can result in bone grinding, causing pain and restricted motion. This wear and tear can occur over many years or be hasten by a joint injury or infection.
Osteoarthritis can also result in bone changes and deterioration of the connective tissues that attach muscle to bone and hold joints together. If the cartilage in a joint is harshly damaged, the joint lining may cause inflammation and swelling.
In this, the body's immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a rigid membrane that encloses all the joint parts. This lining (synovial membrane) evolves inflamed and swollen. This process will eventually demolish cartilage and bone within the joint.
Risk factors for arthritis involve:
Arthritis of weight-bearing joints can cause problems in walking comfortably or sitting up straight. Severe arthritis in the hands or arms can make it difficult to perform daily tasks. Eventually, joints may gradually lose their alignment and shape.
Arthritis is usually diagnosed with a careful evaluation of symptoms and a physical examination.
Arthritis treatment concentrates on relieving symptoms and improving the functioning of joints. One might need to try several treatments or combinations of treatments before determining what works best for the patient.
Depending on the type of arthritis, medications may vary. Commonly used arthritis medications include:
Workouts and physical activities can improve the range of motion and strengthen the joints muscles. Physical therapy can be helpful for some arthritis types. In some cases, slings or mountings may be advised.
Surgery may be suggested if conservative methods don't work:
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