Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that impacts how people interact with others, communicate, understand, and act. Whereas autism can be diagnosed at any age, it is declared as a “developmental disorder” because symptoms normally appear in the first two years of life.
In Autism spectrum disorder people often suffers:
Autism is called a “spectrum” disorder because there is a huge variety in the type and severity of symptoms people persist.
People of all genders, races, and socioeconomic statuses, can be diagnosed with ASD. Whereas Autism Spectrum Disorder can persist as a lifelong disorder, treatments and management can enhance a person’s symptoms and daily life activity.
Signs and Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder
People with Autism Spectrum Disorder have difficulty with social communication and interaction, restricted interests, and repetition of behaviours. There are few examples of commonly found behaviours in people diagnosed with ASD. Not all people with ASD will have all behaviours, but most of them will have many of the behaviours given below.
Social communication/expression includes:
Restrictive/repetitive behaviours include:
People with Autism Spectrum Disorder may also experience sleep problems and irritability.
People on the autism spectrum also may have many strengths, which includes:
Causative or predisposing factors
Scientists don’t know the chief causes of ASD, but studies suggest that a person’s genes and their environment are together are liable to impact development in ways that lead to ASD. Some factors that are associated with a high risk of developing ASD include:
Health care providers diagnose ASD by analysing a person’s behaviour and development. ASD can normally be diagnosed by the age of two. It is crucial to seek an evaluation as early as possible. The earlier ASD is diagnosed, the sooner treatments and services can begin.
The diagnostic evaluation is likely to include:
Because ASD is a complex disorder that sometimes occurs with other illnesses or learning disorders, the comprehensive evaluation may include:
The outcome of the evaluation may result in a formal diagnosis and recommendations for treatment.
The evaluation also may include a conversation with caregivers or other family members to learn about the person’s early developmental history, which can help ensure an accurate diagnosis.
Treatments and Therapies
Management for ASD should begin as early as possible after its diagnosis. Early treatment for ASD is very important as appropriate treatment and care can decrease individuals’ problems and also help them to learn new skills and develop their strengths.
People with ASD may face a wide range of challenges, which means that there is no single best treatment for ASD. Working along with a health care provider is a crucial aspect of finding the right amalgamation of treatment and services.
A health care provider may suggest or prescribe medication to treat particular symptoms. With medication, a person with ASD may have fewer issues with:
Behavioural, psychological, and educational support
People with ASD may be referred to a health care provider who has done specialization in serving behavioural, psychological, educational, or skill-building interventions. These programs are typically highly designed and effective, and they may involve caregivers, siblings, and other family members. These programs may help and support people with ASD:
Other areas to approach
Many services, health programs, and other resources are available to help and support people diagnosed with ASD. Here are some points for recognising these additional services:
“Autism is like a rainbow. It has a bright side and a darker side. But every shade is important and beautiful.” — Rosie Tennant Doran
Come together and begin a new journey with “Project Global Cure” to support and elevate the people who are living with Autism, “It is different not less.”