Cancer is one of the common ailments in the world today. Hearing that someone has cancer can be very frightening and stressful. Be aware of its diagnosis recovery processes - this can empower you and the others around you to take control of your health.
Cancer is a condition where the cells in a particular body part grow and reproduce in an out-of-control way. These cancerous cells can invade and destroy the surrounding healthy tissues and organs.
Cancer usually begins in one body part before spreading to other areas (metastasis). More than 200 different types of cancer exist worldwide, and each of them is diagnosed and treated in a particular way.
Cancer associated with
Rectal and colon
The cancer stage is determined based on the tests to determine the extent and severity of cancer. The number assigned to diagnosis determines the stage of your cancer.
Most cancers have four stages. The specific stage is determined by a few different factors, including the size and location of the tumour:
Stage 1: Cancer is localized to a small region and is not spread to lymph nodes or other organs or tissues.
Stage 2: Growth of cancer, but hasn't spread.
Stage 3: Cancer has grown larger and could spread to lymph nodes or other tissues.
Stage 4: Cancer has advanced to other organs or parts of the body. This phase is also known as metastatic cancer or advanced cancer.
Though stages 1 through 4 are the most common, stage zero is also. This earliest phase describes cancer that is still localized to the area it started. Cancers still in stage zero are usually easily treatable and are considered pre-cancerous by most healthcare providers.
Sometimes an early sign of cancer may be the unexplained changes to the body's normal processes or unusual symptoms. Look out for these visible signs:
In most cases, the symptoms are not related to cancer, usually caused by some other, non-cancerous health conditions.
There are various factors that contribute to the development of cancer in the body. Smoking and usage of tobacco products is one of the main reasons for:
Other causes of cancer include:
To treat your cancer, the location of the tumor is vital. Other than this, the stage (whether it has spread) and whether you are strong enough to handle the treatment is determined. A comprehensive examination is performed on the patient and symptoms are checked. Other tests, including the below may be advised:
Once the medical team has given a diagnosis, a personalized treatment plan is designed based on their findings. Cancer treatment may include:
PGC Resolution: To promote healthy lifestyles to help cancer prevention. We aim to conduct more research on cancer and its causes to find more answers and advance treatments. Life-saving policy changes to provide every possible support to the patients touched by cancer.