Medical Awareness >>   Child Health

Child Health

Overview

Protecting and improving the health of the children of India is of utmost importance to Project Global Cure. A child's health includes physical, mental, social development and well-being. The most basic of maintaining children's health involves offering them healthy and nutritious foods, ensuring they get enough sleep and exercise, and ensuring their safety. 

Regular health checkups are another essential factor for a child's development.

To begin with, a healthy, balanced diet is not just good for children's bodies; it's good for their brains, too. Like the body, the brain absorbs nutrients from the foods we eat, and superfoods can help children boost their brainpower. The best-suited foods can improve children's brain function, memory, & concentration.

  • Fatty fish, such as salmon, is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids required for brain growth and function. Getting enough of these fatty acids can help children enhance their mental skills. 
  • Eggs are a great source of protein, and their yolks have choline, an essential nutrient for memory development.
  • Peanut butter is healthy for children as it is filled with vitamin E, an antioxidant that protects nerve membranes. It is also suitable for the brain and gives more energy to children.
  • Whole grains such as loaves of bread and cereals provide glucose, an energy source the brain requires. Whole grains also hold vitamin B, suitable for the nervous system.
  • Oats and oatmeal are excellent sources of energy and power the brain. They are also an excellent source of vitamins E, B complex, and zinc to help children's brains perform their best.
  • Berries can help improve memory and are filled with vitamin C and other antioxidants. Seeds from berries also contain omega-3 fats that help with brain operation. 
  • Beans are helpful for the heart. They can keep energy levels high. They are also suitable for brain growth and function since they have energy from protein, complex carbohydrates, fiber, and vitamins and minerals. 
  • Green, leafy, rich colored vegetables are an excellent source of antioxidants to keep the brain cells healthy. In a child's diet, vegetables are tomatoes, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, carrots, or spinach. 
  • Vitamin B is essential for developing brain tissue, neurotransmitters, and enzymes. Dairy derivatives are an excellent source of these nutrients. Low-fat milk or yogurt is an excellent source of protein and carbohydrates for the brain. Dairy is also an excellent source of vitamin D, which children need in more substantial amounts.
  • Lean beef or meat alternatives are excellent sources of iron, which helps children maintain energy and focus. Additionally, beef is also a good source of zinc, which helps in memory. Vegetarian children can get their iron from black beans and soy burgers

Child Health Issues

Vast disparities exist around India in a child's chances of survival, with low and middle-income families disproportionately affected. 

The principal causes of death among children include respiratory infections, malnutrition, and newborn conditions. 

In India, common child health issues include:

  • Allergies
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Colds
  • Impetigo, lice, and worms
  • Gastro, hand, foot, mouth diseases

Mild health issues can be treated at home. But if it increases, it is advisable to reach out to the healthcare provider.

Handwashing is one of the most acceptable ways to stop the spread of infection.

Many child deaths are avoidable through vaccination, adequate care, access to health care services, and better nutrition. 

However, many of the life-saving interventions are beyond the reach of India's poorest people.

Survival is just one of several issues relevant to children's health. Child health, growth, and development are intertwined, and violence against these innocents is also another prevalent issue. 

PGC Response

Millions of children are born every year. PGC comprehensively integrates interventions that improve child survival and addresses factors contributing to infant and under-five mortality. We cannot address child survival in isolation as to the mother's health, which is further determined by her well-being and development as an adolescent. Therefore, emphasizing care during critical life stages to improve child survival must be followed. Another approach ensures that vital services are made available at home through community outreach and health facilities. 

Fact Check:

  • More than 40% of children are malnourished or stunted in India. Healthcare provision is poor in rural areas.
  • Millions of children face the problem of malnutrition, sanitation, safe drinking water, shelter, quality education, and information because of poverty in India.
  • In 2018, Madhya Pradesh, with 52 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, recorded the highest rural infant mortality rate in India.
  • The Global Hunger Index of 2020, calculated based on total undernourishment of the population, child stunting, wasting, and child mortality, placed India at the 94th spot among 107 countries.
  • On the brighter side, according to the information from the fifth round of NFHS (2019-2021), only 9 showed a decline in the number of stunted children, 10 in wasted children, & 6 in underweight children. This was surveyed from the 22 states surveyed in India.

PGC Resolutions: Committing to implementing a strategy for children's and infants health and nutrition.