The thyroid gland is an organ that produces hormones and is butterfly-shaped. the hormones released by the thyroid gland are,
Triiodothyronine (T3) and
These hormones regulate our metabolism, and function normally in our heart, brain and other organs, also have a big role in every part of tissue or organs in our system.
The thyroid is managed by the pituitary gland which is situated in the brain. The pituitary gland produces a hormone which is known as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) which indicates the thyroid gland forms T3 and T4. Whenever there is any damage or malfunction in the gland or pituitary gland, there will be an imbalance in the formation and release of thyroid hormone. It can release in large quantities or too low quantities from the requirement. And it can affect all the systems of the body.
When you have a less active thyroid gland and there is the formation of less thyroid hormone, then the condition is known as hypothyroidism. On another side, when you have an overproduction of thyroid hormone the condition or disease is known as hyperthyroidism.
Causative factor for Hypothyroidism
Causative factor for Hyperthyroidism
Causes of Hypothyroidism
the overactive thyroid gland has fewer potential reasons. It may transfer to families. Other causative factors include:
Importance of Iodine
Iodine is a substance that your body can't form on its own, that’s why you depend on food to get enough of it. Thyroid gland cells absorb iodine from the bloodstream and utilize it for the formation of T3 and T4. Less amount of iodine levels can result in hypothyroidism and an excess amount of iodine in blood results in hyperthyroidism.
Importance of Iodine in Thyroid Health
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
Radioactive iodine, taken by mouth, injure or damage the gland thyroid cells, resulting in a smaller number of cells for the production of thyroid hormones and shrinking of nodules.
If the first treatment isn't advantageous enough, the second stage of course may be given. Sometimes this treatment leads to hypothyroidism, which is then corrected with the replacement thyroid hormones.
Treatment with radioactive iodine is very common. There is a thinking that radiation therapy can lead to malignancy, but the treatment hasn't been associated with cancer.
Beta-blockers won't decrease your thyroid hormone, but they can inhibit the actions of the hormones and reduce symptoms. These medications include:
After any of that management, it's possible for the hyperthyroidism to come back or recurrence. Although, surgical excision of complete or partial thyroid gland can correct the condition permanently.
It may result in hypothyroidism because few or no cells are left to produce hormones, so replacement of thyroid hormone will be essential for the rest of your life if you go for a thyroid gland excision.
Although it's normally considered safe, surgery always carries risks. Major risks are rare but can include:
Diet for Thyroid Health
To help protect your thyroid health, you should keep away or decrease:
“He who has health has hope; and he who has hope has everything.” – Thomas Carlyle.
Let’s amalgamate with “Project Global Cure” and create a calm mind with a fit body, these precious things cannot be bought, it has to be earned.