Medical Awareness >>   Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones

Overview 

A kidney stone is an unevenly-shaped solid mass that can be as small as a grain of sand up to the size of a game ball. One may not even realize that they have a kidney stone, depending on the size of the stone(s). 

Even small stones can cause severe pain as they exit the body through the urinary tract. Drinking fluids may help the process take as long as three weeks. 

A large kidney stone can get stuck in the ureter (the tube that drains urine from the kidney down to the bladder), causing bleeding and keeping urine from departing the body. One may need surgery for a stone that can't pass on its own. 

Symptoms 

Most stones in the kidney do not pain as they travel from the kidney into the ureter and inside the bladder. Depending on its size, the stone's journey through the urinary tract can cause extreme pain with a sudden attack. The pain could be excruciating. Pain and

cramping may be experienced in the lower back, abdomen, and sides. One may see blood in their urine. If there's an infection, fever and chills may occur. 

Treatment 

Most people with kidney stones (small stones) can pass them independently within 2 days without any intervention by drinking plenty of fluids. 

Pain medicines can ease the discomfort for a few. Other factors that influence passing a stone include pregnancy, prostate size, and the patient's health. 

If the stones do not pass on their own, a lithotripsy procedure can be suggested, which is a procedure that uses shock waves to break a kidney stone into smaller pieces that can be more easily discharged from the body. 

Kidney stones can also be removed surgically via a percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedure in which a kidney stone is removed via a small incision in the skin. 

A kidney stone may also be eliminated with the help of a ureteroscope. 

Fact Sheet

 Frequency: It is estimated that about 12% of the Indian population is affected by kidney stones, with 50% of those who develop them are likely to lose kidney function.

 PGC Resolution: Building knowledge, developing attitudes, spreading awareness, and advancing treatment regarding kidney stones in the country.