Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a widespread mental condition that involves suffering from obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. OCD can happen to anyone. A few people start having symptoms very soon, around puberty, but it usually starts early adulthood.
OCD behavior can be distressing and majorly interferes with a person's everyday activities, but treatment and medications can help to keep it under control.So, OCD is a mental anxiety disorder that produces repeated thoughts or images such as fear of germs, dirt, acts of violence, hurting loved ones, sexual thoughts and being overly tidy with things and oneself. It is more prevalent in developing countries than developed countries. OCD is a disorder that has a neurobiological basis.It equally affects men, women, and children of all races, ethnicities and socioeconomic backgrounds. In the United States, about 1 in 40 adults and 1 in 100 children have OCD. And according to the World Health Organization, OCD is one of the top 20 causes of illness-related disability, worldwide, for individuals between 15 and 44 years of age. Some disorders that coexist with OCD are-
A person with OCD usually experiences persistent obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors.
NOTE- PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders associated with Streptococcal Infections) is an illness in children. It causes OCD and/or a tic disorder. This type of OCD gets worse or is related to strep. throat. Twin and family studies have shown that people with first-degree relatives (such as a parent, sibling, or child) who have OCD are at a higher risk for developing OCD themselves. The risk is higher if the first-degree relative developed OCD as a child or teen.
No laboratory test exists that can identify OCD. Mental health professionals frequently use diagnostic interviews to determine the presence of OCD as well as other tools that measure the severity of obsessions and compulsions, the most common of which is the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS).
Although not a substitute for a formal evaluation and diagnosis provided by a qualified mental health professional, there is a self-screening test you can take to determine if you have symptoms similar to those associated with OCD and could benefit from professional help.
There are some effective treatments for OCD that can help reduce the impact on life. The major treatments are:
CBT will usually have an effect almost immediately. However, it can take several months for the effects of SSRIs to appear, though more beneficial for people.
If these treatments do not help, an alternative SSRI or a combination of an SSRI and CBT may be given. Some individuals may be referred to a specialist for further medication. However not all modes of treatment are totally effective. That’s why it is said that OCD is a vicious cycle.
To be noted is, the main differential diagnosis is depression and many patients with OCD have comorbid depressive symptoms. Other differentials include phobic disorders, anorexia nervosa, obsessive or anankastic personality and occasionally schizophrenia.
Identifying and supporting people with OCD by diagnosing and referring them to therapies, medication, and treatment. Providing information and creating awareness of this disorder among Indians.