Piles (a.k.a hemorrhoids) indicate swelling of the veins in the anus and lower rectum. Hemorrhoids can form in the rectum (internal) or beneath the skin around the anus (external).
Approximately three out of four adults have hemorrhoids from time to time. Hemorrhoids have numerous causes, but usually, the cause is not known. Fortunately, there are efficient options to treat hemorrhoids. People can also get aid with a few home treatments and a few lifestyle changes. Swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus that cause discomfort and bleeding.
Hemorrhoids are usually caused by straining during bowel movements, obesity or pregnancy.
Discomfort is a common symptom, especially during bowel movements or when sitting. Other symptoms include itching and bleeding. A high-fiber diet can be effective, along with stool softeners. In some cases, a medical procedure to remove the hemorrhoid may be needed to provide relief.
An estimated 1 in 20 Americans have symptomatic hemorrhoids. They affect people of all ages, genders, races and ethnicities. They’re more common as you age, affecting more than half of people over age 50. Hemorrhoids and anal fissures cause similar symptoms, such as itching, pain and bleeding. While swollen veins cause hemorrhoids, a tear in the lining of the anus causes an anal fissure. Rectal bleeding can also occur due to crohn’s disease, colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis and other gastrointestinal disorders etc. Some tests like DRE, sigmoidoscopy, anoscopy and colonoscopy can help to find rectal bleeding or hemorrhoids. Skin tags, infections and blood clots are some complications which are common to all piles patients. Most hemorrhoid symptoms improve within a week with at-home treatments. If hemorrhoids cause extreme pain and discomfort, a medical procedure or even surgery may help.
Symptoms normally depend on the kind of hemorrhoid.
Symptoms might involve:
This usually can’t be felt or perceived, and they seldom cause distress. But in some cases, during passing stool, one may experience:
Medical doctors grade piles on a four-point scale as grade 1, 2, 3, 4. In grade 1, growth does not cause symptoms and does not protrude out of anus. In grade 2, piles may prolapse from anus but may return inside independently. In grade 3, piles prolapses and recedes within anus with manual intervention. In grade 4 lastly, piles prolapses outside anus and the person cannot push them back in.
If blood accumulates in an external hemorrhoid forming a clot, it can cause:
It is not right to assume rectal bleeding is due to hemorrhoids because this can also occur with other diseases, including types of cancer. It is important to seek emergency care if one has large amounts of rectal bleeding, lightheadedness or dizziness.
Piles sometimes can escalate into severe conditions such as-
Hemorrhoids can often go away on their own without treatment, and symptoms like pain and bleeding may last one week or slightly longer. Simultaneously, one can practice these to ease symptoms:
Thus this is the home treatment of hemorrhoids.
If symptoms get more serious or interfere with everyday life, medication is a must. Also, if no changes are observed after a week of home treatments, a healthcare provider may treat hemorrhoids with:
Surgical treatments involve:
Spreading awareness and controlling cases of piles in India. Providing guidelines and information on healthy diets and measures for controlling hemorrhoids.