Medical Awareness >>   Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer


Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate and is one of the most prevalent cancers. Most prostate cancers grow slowly. They are confined to the prostate gland, which may not cause seriousness. However, some kinds grow gradually and may need limited or no treatment; others are aggressive and spread quickly.

Prostate cancer detected early has the best possibility for successful treatment.


Prostate cancer may show no symptoms at early stages. Advanced cancer may show symptoms like:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood in the semen
  • Bone pain
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Erectile dysfunction


Depending on each case, treatment options for men with prostate cancer might involve:

  • Effective Surveillance 
  • Surgery 
  • Radiation Therapy 
  • Cryotherapy 
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Chemotherapy 
  • Immunotherapy 
  • Targeted Therapy 
  • Treatments that have spread to bones

Generally, treatments are performed individually, although they may be combined in a few cases based on the stage.

Facts Sheet

Frequency: Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men and one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in Indian men. It is estimated that the incidence of prostate cancer in India is about 10 per 1 lakh population.

PGC Resolution: Raising awareness and endeavour to eliminate this cancer in the coming years. Screening and testing campaigns are conducted for early detection, treatment and prevention of complications.